This is a list of items I like to keep it my foaling kit along with reasons for use...everyones list may be a bit different but this is what has worked for me;
Flashlight & Batteries - Many mares foal at night or early in the morning and they like their privacy so instead of having bright overhead lights on all of the time, this is a good alternative for night spot checks.
Plastic Bag - To put placenta in. Placenta should be examined to make sure that there are no holes, tears, or pieces missing (which would mean that a piece could still be in the mare and could lead to infection). In cases of missing pieces a call to the vet is very important...a very tiny piece of retained placenta can cause severe life threatening reactions. Usually medications, antibiotics/douches are required to clear.
String - To tie off umbilical cord if it doesn’t break. Or tie up placenta if mare does not drop it right away (tie it to the mares tail to prevent mare from stepping on and pulling it out). Often times the mare stepping on the placenta leads to pieces being retained in the mare.
Scissors - To cut string, or tough sac around foal (in the case of red bag delivery), or to cut string or suture material to tie off cord.
Bentadine or Iodine 7% - for foals umbilical to help prevent infection/joint ill.
Film canister or small pill bottle - Works well when filled with bentadine/iodine solution to dip foals umbilical in with out spilling. Be careful not to splash solution on foals belly as it can be irritating.
Mild soap & warm water or Betadine - To wash mare (vulva, udders and legs) prior to foaling. This will help prevent infection. We wash mares legs as foal will lick all over mare looking for that first meal and can pick up nasty tidbits that can negatively affect a little one with no immunities.
Dry washclothes and towels - To grasp foal to pull if needed, clean foal and mare if needed. If you are in a situation where you need to help a mare deliver a normal presented foal...grasp the front legs above the pastern and exert a steady pull downwards (as foal should be in diving position) only when mare is having a contraction (you will be able to tell when mare is contracting).
Frozen colostrum - To give foal if mare does not produce colostrum.
Vetrap - To wrap mare's tail prior to foaling (you may get a lot of practice at this as mares can look like they are going to foal and then nothing...important to not put wrap on too tight or leave on for too long).
Notepad & pen - To record time 3rd stage labour begins (expulsion), mare’s behavior, how foaling goes (for future reference as mares will most often repeat past behaviours )
Two Enemas - In case foal does not pass meconium (first poop). Consult a vet before administering, as it is easy to cause a perforation of the bowel which can kill a foal. ( I am not a big believer in giving of enemas but will in an emergency on the advice of my vet.
Vaseline/KY - To lubricate hands if necessary to reposition foal.
Twitch - If mare rejects or attacks foal.
Halter & lead ropes - Even the sweetest of mares can become barracudas in the presence of a new foal.
Clean bucket - Filled with warm water to rinse hands, foal, mare
Watch/clock - To keep track of labor time.
Cordless or Cell phone - To call your vet in case of a problem without having to leave your mare. (I like to give my vet a heads up when time is getting close).